In line with government’s commitment towards attaining the Education for All and Millennium Development Goals 2 and 3, the government of Ghana launched a new Free Compulsory and Universal Basic Education (FCUBE) program focusing primarily on access and quality of teaching and learning.
In 2004, the Capitation Grant (CG), a school fees abolition program, in addition to a school feeding program, were launched as part of a series of reforms. These reforms came about following the development/implementation of the Education Strategy Plan (ESP) of 2003 which aims to support parents and students in overcoming one of the greatest challenges to accessing education: the cost. Whilst these efforts contributed to increased enrolment by about 17% in the 2005/06 school year in
comparison with the previous school year (World Bank, 2009), with many children not only returning to school but also remaining in school, there have been a number of factors which have hindered the successful implementation of these policies. These factors include corruption, leakages, poor recordkeeping, misappropriation of resources, delays in the release of funds, difficulties in sustaining community participation, and inadequate levels of transparency at school level, all of which have
posed as barriers to accessing education thus threatening the encouraging steps Ghana has made 1towards attaining MDG2 and 3 as well as the EFA goals